SATELLITE (IRS SYSTEM)
India started its own Remote Sensing (IRS) satellite programme post successful tests for the Bhaskhar and Bhaskara 2 satellites. Further, National Natural Resources Management System (NNRMS) was establish for the provision of active remote sensing data services. The Department of Space (DoS) was deem the nodal agency. This data is receive and distribute to various countries seeking privilege. The sectors of urban and infrastructural
planning have seen a big push towards prosperity due to applications of new high-resolution satellites and high performance applications.The IRS system (Table 7.3), with 11 satellites in action, accords to be the largest group of satellites for remote sensing dedicate towards civilian usage.
All the satellites are position in a sun-synchronous orbit and provide a variety of resolutions. IRS programme, notably complete 25 years of successful operations in March 2013 Indian nomenclature was a bit straightforward. For instance, initially they used to name the satellites as 1A, 1B, so on. Later, the names were base on the area of application of the satellites (CartoSat, Ocean Sat).
REMOTE SENSING SATELLITE OF INDIA
There are plans for the launch of for the IRS fleet. It not only strengthens the system, but also widens the vision and
oplications. Resource Sat 3 is the follow-up satellite to Resource Sat 2, which is plan to carry a more advanced LISS-III-WS sensor and thus overcomes the spatial resolution limitation & WiFS. For quantitative interpretation and geophysical parameter retrieval, it is equippe with an Atmospheric Correction Sensor (ACS) in order to interpretate quantatively and parameter retrieve in a geophysical manner. It is plan to launch in 2021. CartoSat 3 is the other plan satellite to join the fleet by 2018, with a high resolution of 6 centimetres and 6 kilometres swath, suitable for infrastructural cadastral mapping and study.
Satellite data acquisition and processing:
National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Hyderabad, is the nodal agency for archiveing, recepting, handling and disseminating of remote sensing data in the whole country. The agency obtains and operates data from all the country’s remote sensing satellites such as Resourcesat-1, IRS-ID, Oceansat-1, Cartosat-1, Cartosat-2, and
toreign as well as Technology Experiment Satellites such as Terra, ERS and NOAA.
first indian remote sensing satellite
applications of indian remote sensing satellite
Indian Remote Sensing satellites are used for various applications of resources survey and management.
Followings are the list of applications:
(a) In Space Based Inputs for Decentralized
(b) In National Urban Information System (NUIS)
(c) In ISRO based Disaster Management Support Programme (ISRO-DMSP)
(d) In Hydro-geomorphological maps for locating underground water resources.
(e) In irrigation command area status monitoring.
(f) Observation of Snow-melt run-off estimates for planning water use in downstream projects.
(g) In the land use and land cover mapping.
(h) In urban planning.
(i) In forest survey.
j) In the characterisations of biodiversity.
(k) In the observation of crop area cover and production estimation of major crops
(l) In the drought monitoring and assessment.
(m) In a flood risk zone mapping and flood damage.
(n) In 1992, Integrated Mission for Sustainable Development initiate in 174 districts for generating locale-specific prescriptions for integrate land.