Essay on Waste Management ( Best – 7 Waste Management Essay of 2023 )

Essay on Waste Management
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Hello friends, Welcome to . In this article there are 6 different types of Essay on Waste Management are written. This Essay are wrote in English language and arranged according to word count. You can able to get an essays of  100 words, 200 words, 400 words, 500 words ,1000 words in the below paragraphs. We have prepared a lot of things insight about our Waste Management . This will be helpful for children to write an good essay on Waste Management and this essay are good for class 1,2,3,4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10th. Also some information about topics related to Waste Management is also included in this article. Like How to write an essay about the Waste Management and etc.

Some Key Points On How To Write an Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan : 

Young youngsters may be confused while writing an essay for the 1st time. They may also forget to shape it properly to make it meaningful or write inappropriate records making the composition glide from the given subject matter. To assist youngsters write an excellent Essay on Waste Management , they should be aware of those key factors that can come in accessible:

Here are key points to recall for all students when writing an Essay on Waste Management:

  • Explain  Essay on Waste Management.
  • Advantages of Waste Management.
  • Disadvantages of Waste Management.
  • Why is waste management necessary?
  • what is waste management


Short Essay on Waste Management in 100 words :


India is a country with a huge population and due to the large population, different types of things are also used by the people and after using things, they are carelessly thrown here and there.

Because of which, at some places, a pile of garbage gets erected, which if it is not cleaned for a few days, then a terrible stench arises at that place, due to which the people coming and going have to face the foul smell.

The problem of waste occurs equally in both urban and rural areas. People living in cities use various things to meet their needs and the waste left over after using the things.

They do not manage it properly and throw the waste here and there, due to which there is pollution of the environment as well as it also has a bad effect on the health of humans.

Because when the environment is polluted then the air is also polluted and our health is also bad by breathing polluted air. That’s why humans should pay attention to waste management in a proper way and find out the right process of waste management. If we manage the waste properly, then we can make our life safe, as well as we can spend life in the best way. Nowadays, the process of waste recycling is being adopted on a large scale to manage waste.


Essay on Waste Management in 300 words :


Solid waste management has become a most valuable problem in many underdeveloped, developing and developed countries. The main reasons for the increase in municipal solid waste are over-pollution, industrialization, economic development and urbanization.

Waste management is a global issue but its consequences are more pronounced in developing countries. In India, the solid waste management system has failed to keep pace with social and economic development in many areas. Inefficiency in managing municipal solid waste can adversely affect public health, the environment and our economy.

Main factors affecting solid municipal waste in India:


Over population is a clear reason for the major issues of our country. Increase in population results in solid municipal waste. Higher population leads to increased demand for basic resources which leads to waste generation.


Growing population, lack of employment opportunities in rural areas and migration from rural areas to enjoy the benefits of urban economic and social development are some of the other reasons for urbanization. Also urbanization is the main cause of global warming. Industrialization in urban areas produces a large amount of waste in not only process of producing goods but also in disposing of the goods after the waste is used. In many cities, overcrowding has overwhelmed the capacity of municipal authorities to manage waste.

Glorious Life:

Due to materialistic perception and need of luxury products to live a comfortable and luxurious life has increased a lot whether it is needed or not. This results in more waste being generated.


As new technology advances, so does the demand for new technology. Mobile, TV, Play Station, Refrigerator etc. As a result, old gadgets and electronics end up in the trash.


The government should start awareness campaigns and advertisements to inform people about the ill effects of excess waste. New and advanced technology should be used for the disposal of waste. Maximum reuse of waste should be encouraged.


Essay on Waste Management in English in 400 words :


The term waste management refers to the management of waste right from its collection to the final stage of disposal. The entire process includes collection, transportation, disposal, recycling, monitoring and regulation, along with legal aspects that enable waste management. It includes all types of waste from Household waste, Industries waste, agriculture waste, sludge, health care waste and waste due to commercialization. Waste management methods differ for different types of waste.

There are various concepts of waste management and some of the common things given here :

Waste Hierarchy:

The hierarchical process level of waste management includes reducing, reusing and recycling waste. The most adaptive in the waste hierarchy, i.e. reuse and recycle followed by consumption and source reduction avoidance. look at all the three approaches to waste hierarchy in detail below:

Making less waste: The most preferred approach is not to create waste, that is, to avoid the consumption of goods and services, to use eco-friendly products and to save energy. It also includes source reduction by reducing inputs that go into the production process, production of durable goods, energy conservation and use of environment-friendly technology, hybrid transport, etc. This includes energy efficient production, reduction of packaging and use of renewable energy sources. ,


Reuse is another useful approach to reducing waste. This includes reusing packaging systems that can help reduce disposable waste. Reuse also includes using second hand products.


In this process, used products are recycled into raw materials that can be used in the production of new products. Recycling of products provides raw materials that are energy efficient, cost effective and less polluting. It also avoids the consumption of new raw materials.

Life cycle of a product:

The product life cycle includes policy intervention, rethinking product need, reducing waste and redesigning the production of durable goods. The main objective of product life-cycle is to make maximum use of resources to avoid unimportant waste.

Resource Efficiency:

Economic growth and development growth cannot be sustained with the current pattern of production and consumption. We are using our natural resources to produce not only goods but also in producing services. Resource efficiency is the reduction of negative impact on our environment /nature from the production and consumption of goods.

Reducing the energy use associated with packaging and transporting goods by reusing products. We are all wasting our main resources by sting food, e-waste and water.

Following Polter’s Principle:

In the polluter-pays principle, the polluting party i.e. the waste generator pays for the effect to the environment/nature.


These are the most not unusual elements of waste management. However, the waste control practices of underdeveloped, growing and advanced nations are currently no longer uniform.


Long Essay on Waste Management in 500 words :


Waste management is the complete process of handling, processing, transporting, storing, recycling and disposing of human, industrial and environmental wastes. Waste management is a global phenomenon but its effects are more prominent in developing countries.

Solid waste management, which is a herculean task, is becoming more complex with increase in urbanization, overcrowding, commercialization, social and economic development etc. Institutional fragility, financial constraints and public attitude towards waste management have further compounded the issue. made even worse.

There are many methods of waste management and some of the common methods are as follows:


Throwing trash and garbage in landfills is the most common method of waste disposal. In the process, the odors and hazards of the waste are eliminated. The waste is then buried at landfill sites. Landfill is also a cause of global warming due to which many countries are reconsidering the use of landfill.

Incineration: In this method, municipal solid wastes are buried to convert them into residues, heat, ash, steam and gases. It reduces the amount of solid waste by 30% of the actual amount.


It is the process in which discarded items are recycled for reuse. Waste materials are recycled to extract resources or convert them into energy in the form of electricity, heat or fuel.


It is a bio-degradation process in which organic waste i.e. plant residues and kitchen waste is converted into nutrient rich food for plants. Composting is a method used for organic farming which also improves soil fertility.

Anaerobic digestion: It is also the process that decomposes organic matter through biological processes. It uses oxygen and bacteria free environment to decompose. Composting requires air to aid the growth of microbes.

Waste to Energy: In this process, non-recyclable waste is converted into energy sources such as heat, fuel or electricity. yes It is a renewable source of energy as non-recyclable waste can be used again and again to create energy.

Waste minimization:

The simplest way of waste management is to create less waste. Waste reduction can be done by you and me by reducing waste generation and recycling and reusing old materials. It is important to use eco-friendly products and reduce the use of plastic, paper etc. Community participation has a direct impact on the waste management system.

Gasification and pyrolysis: These two methods are used to decompose organic waste materials by exposing them to low amounts of oxygen and high temperatures. No oxygen is used in the process of pyrolysis and a very small amount of oxygen is used in the process of gasification. Gasification is the most advantageous process as no air pollution is created to recover the energy from the combustion process.


Environmental associations have established several methods to deal with waste management. Strategies are designed by the civic bodies keeping in mind the long term vision. Use of new advanced technologies for treatment and disposal of solid waste has also been introduced. The concept of common waste treatment is being encouraged and promoted as it uses waste as raw material or co-fuel in manufacturing processes.


Waste Management Essay in 1300 words :


Waste management, or waste disposal, encompasses all activities necessary to manage waste, from its collection to disposal. Other activities are collecting, transporting, handling, supervising, regulating and discarding waste and other legal procedures. We cannot imagine our environment that waste material spread around us and spread diseases and harm the environment. Efficiently demonstrated waste management practices and can consistently generate high profits. There are many pros and cons of waste management.

Let’s discuss at some of the pros and cons of waste management:

Advantages of Waste Management:

Keeps the environment clean: The process of waste management helps in keeping the environment clean, however we all need to take part in keeping our surroundings clean to achieve the goal. Waste management units work to collect garbage and waste material from public areas and transport it to landfill sites and other disposal units for its disposal.

Conserves Energy:

The technique of waste control consists of recycling. Recycling of products enables to reduce the manufacturing of recent products and uncooked substances. Recycling also enables preserve power due to the fact the method of recycling uses less power.
Reduce air pollution: Waste control allows lessen pollutants and worldwide warming. It decrease the intensity of gases like carbon dioxide and methane coming out of the waste.

Employment Opportunities: A large amount of manpower is required in all sections of waste management. There are many job opportunities in waste management sectors from collection to final stage of disposal.

Sustainable use of resources:

The process of waste management plans to use energy and resources to the minimum. The waste management concept aims at the efficient use of resources throughout the product life cycle.

Health: Exposure to waste can affect human health and cause many diseases. Waste management activities involve collecting waste from landfills around us and transporting it to areas where the waste can be disposed of in a safe manner thereby saving us from many health hazards.

Inter-Generational Equity: Effective waste management practice will provide stronger economy and cleaner environment to the following generations.

Disadvantages of Waste Management:


The amount of waste generated is huge and hence its management and overall process requires a lot of planning and implementation of various actions. 2ndly, a many manpower and new technologies are needed to manage different types of waste materials. Complete waste management system and effective way to reduce,

The process of recycling and reusing requires a lot of money .

Health of workers:

The process of waste management involves wastes that attract many insects, pests, bacteria and microbes etc., which can harm one’s health. The landfill is highly prone to the growth of bacteria and fungi which may cause various diseases making it an unsafe place for the workers involved.

Harmful gases are released in the process of burning which endanger human health widely. Sites can become contaminated due to inefficient waste management affecting Human health.

Inefficient waste management:

Waste management in developing countries experiences fragile waste collection services and inefficiently managed dumpsites. The Waste management practices aren’t the identical in underdeveloped, growing and developed international locations. Waste control units are unable to maintain tempo with the increasing quantity of waste era.

Leaving waste behind and not considering its negative impact on the environment and others is wrong. We all are a part of nature and it is our duty to save nature from the harmful effects of waste. Also the waste management is a comprehensive process, it starts with keeping your surroundings clean and the rest will be taken care of by the waste management units.

In today’s time it is normal for us to throw the garbage anywhere. But one day this garbage is going to become the biggest problem for us. Because it causes serious diseases, due to which millions of people are going to die every day. It has been learned from a report that every day flood, earthquake or any other natural problem happens in any country of the world. Garbage is the main reason for all these natural calamities. For this reason, waste is called the biggest enemy of nature.

Meaning of Waste Management

For any waste to be disposed of properly, it has to be collected, transported, monitored and some special process has to be done on it. That is called waste management or waste management. This waste is generated from the daily functioning of humans and nature. If this waste is not managed properly then it is a threat to the whole world. But humans are still increasingly producing waste instead of disposing of or managing it. If it continues like this, in the coming times we will see some such terrible forms of nature which we have never seen before today.

Why is waste management necessary?

It is very important to manage waste, as it harms human health and the environment. As industrial waste reduces the productivity of the land. This causes many diseases like malaria, TB, jaundice and cholera. That’s why we need to do waste management.

Electronic waste contains many toxic substances such as arsenic, mercury, lead and cadmium. These substances are very harmful to the environment and human health. India generates four percent of the total e-waste generated worldwide.

Apart from this, solid waste like plastic, glass, medicine bottles, metal, leather, electronic goods are also harmful for us. This waste does not get destroyed even after many years, while 960 million tonnes of solid waste is generated in India every year.

what is waste management

Throwing garbage causes land pollution. Due to this, the yield land becomes barren, due to which we suffer loss in agriculture. Apart from this, when the accumulated garbage starts rotting, then foul smell comes out of it. This bad smell not only contaminates the surrounding environment, but also spreads many dangerous diseases. To prevent these diseases, we need to do waste management.

When this waste flows through drains and mixes with water sources, it pollutes the water. Due to this many aquatic organisms die. Apart from this, if this waste is burnt then it pollutes the air.

In this way, to avoid all these pollutions of waste, it is necessary and necessary to manage waste properly.

Essay on Waste Management

waste management measures :

In ancient times, humans used to bury the waste by digging a pit. That was waste management for these humans. But at present we cannot use this technique. Because at that time their population and garbage was very less.

Whereas in modern times our population and garbage is very high. Along with this, if humans bury the waste at present, then insects and animals will start growing in it. This can spread disease on a large scale. That’s why it is necessary to manage the waste properly in today’s time. There are many ways and methods for this, which we will go through in turn.


The process of recovering waste and converting it into new materials and goods is called recycling. This process can prevent wastage of useful waste materials. The things produced from this process are useful for raw materials in many places. Recycling can prevent air and water pollution to a great extent. This process produces less greenhouse gas.


Landfill is a place where garbage is kept. If we understand it in common language, when the accumulated waste is disposed of by burying it in the ground, it is called landfill. But landfills can never be placed where people live. Because it smells bad. Landfill is the most popular way to manage waste.

In this, the waste is first sorted by bringing it to the landfill, so that everything that is useful can be recycled. The waste is then crushed into smaller pieces and buried. Methane gas is made from landfills in many places. This gas is used to generate energy. But at present this process is decreasing. The main reason for this is that, the number of human beings in the world is increasing and the place to bury the waste is decreasing.


Composting is an easy and natural process to manage waste. In this, organic waste like plants and kitchen is managed. In this process, the organic waste is stored in one place and kept for several months, so that the microbes inside it decompose. This is called the best practice of waste management. Because the composting process converts unsafe organic waste into safe compost. But still this process is not very prevalent today.


It is said that, to save the environment we have to manage solid waste systematically. Because this waste also harms the environment. Incineration is the most commonly used process to dispose of solid waste. In this process, the waste is burnt at high temperature to convert it into residue and gaseous products. This process is also very popular in countries like America and Japan. Our municipalities use the same process to dispose of solid waste.


In this process the waste is decomposed (separated) at high temperature. In this, the combustion of waste is done in areas with very low oxygen. This process causes less damage to the environment.

Like gasification, in this process also the waste is decomposed at high temperature. But in this the combustion of waste is done in the absence of oxygen. This process does not harm the environment.

In this way we can use all these measures to manage the waste properly. This will also eliminate waste and the environment will not be harmed.

Advantages of waste management

The first advantage of waste management is that it keeps the environment clean. If all the waste around us is disposed properly then we can easily keep the environment clean. The recycling process of waste management provides us with raw materials for new products.

When the waste is disposed of properly, the gases like carbon dioxide and methane coming out of it will reduce in the atmosphere. Due to this, problems like global warming and air pollution will not arise.

Many types of diseases arise from waste, which affect our health. But if we manage the waste, then we can avoid these diseases. This will improve our health. Many people work from the collection of waste to its management. Due to this, a large amount of employment opportunities will also be available in the country.

Disadvantages of Waste Management

There are also some disadvantages to waste management. As for the management of waste materials, we need more money along with manpower. Because processes like recycling and landfill are very expensive. And in countries like our India it is difficult to spend much on these procedures. For this reason it is a bit difficult for us to use these processes of waste management.

Apart from this, there is always a danger to the health of the workers engaged in the process of waste management. Because their health is affected by the foul smell of the waste and the bacteria contained in it. Harmful gas released by burning garbage is harmful to human health.

But everything in the world has two sides, one is profit and the other is loss. In this way, waste management also has two aspects. But all the people will be benefited by waste management and all the people will be harmed by not doing it. That’s why we need to do waste management.


We all Indians should conserve nature by managing waste, because natural beauty is our heritage. We all are a part of nature and it is our responsibility, how do we save nature from the harmful effects of waste? I hope that from today itself you will generate less waste to save nature.

10 Lines on Waste Management :

  1. Proper disposal of waste is called waste management.
  2. Due to increasing population, the waste generated from daily life and industrial production has increased.
  3. By recycling waste, useful things can be made from useless waste.
  4. It is easy to recycle waste by collecting such wet waste and dry waste.
  5. Compost can be prepared from the remaining and vegetable waste after cutting Bhajipala.
  6. Plastics and plastic packs can be recycled.
  7. Paper, glass and metal waste can be reused.
  8. Hazardous waste is disposed of by burning.
  9. Solid, liquid state of waste has different process of disposal and management.
  10. Waste is managed to avoid environmental pollution and harmful effects on health.

FAQs on Waste Management :

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