Essay On Meghalaya In English – 500 Words – 1000 Words

Essay On Meghalaya
Share This Post With Your Friends......

Hello friends, Welcome to . In this article there are 2 different types of Essay on Meghalaya are written. This Essay are wrote in English language and arranged according to word count. You can able to get an essays of  100 words, 200 words, 400 words, 500 words and 1000 words in the below paragraphs. We have prepared a lot of things insight about our Essay on Meghalaya.

Some Key Points To Remember When Writing An Essay on Meghalaya :

Young youngsters may be confused while writing an essay for the 1st time. They may also forget to shape it properly to make it meaningful or write inappropriate records making the composition glide from the given subject matter. To assist youngsters write an excellent Essay on Meghalaya, they should be aware of those key factors that can come in accessible:

  • Introduction.
  • Climate.
  • Agriculture and Irrigation.
  • Cultural life.
  • Festival.
  • Conclusion.

Essay on Meghalaya In English – 1000 Words

Hello friends! Today, through this post, we will get complete information about Meghalaya through Essay on Meghalaya in English. Meghalaya is a state in Northeast India which literally means the abode of clouds. According to 2016, the population here is 32,11,474 and it is spread over an area of ​​220 square kilometers, whose length to width ratio is about 3:1. The southern end of the state is bordered by the Bangladeshi departments of Mymensingh and Sylhet, the Bangladeshi part of Rangpur on the west and the Indian state of Assam on the north and east. The capital of the state is Shillong.


Long and Short Essay on Meghalaya in Engilsh : Meghalaya is a state in the North East of India. Meghalaya was created as an independent state on April 2, 1970, under Assam. It is also called the Scotland of the East. The full-fledged state of Meghalaya was formed on 21 January 1972. Its northern and eastern borders meet with Assam and southern and western borders with Bangladesh.

The literal meaning of Meghalaya is the abode of clouds i.e. the house of clouds. Meghalaya is basically a hill state. People of Khasi, Jaintia and Garo tribal communities mainly live here. The central and eastern part of Meghalaya consists of the Khasi and Jaintia Hills and a vast plateau region. There are wide plains, hills and river valleys here. A narrow strip of flat land at the foot of the mountain runs along the international border with Bangladesh.

The area of ​​Meghalaya is about 22,429 square kilometers. According to the 2000 census, the population here is 2,175,000. To its north is Assam, which is divided by the Brahmaputra River, and to its south is Bangladesh. The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong. This is a very beautiful city. The population here is around 260,000. Meghalaya was earlier a part of the state of Assam, which was divided into a new province on 21 January 1972.

Climate in Meghalaya :

The climate of Meghalaya is neither too hot nor too cold. The climate here is moderate and humid. The annual rainfall here is about 1200 cm. Happens till then. This state is called the ‘wettest’ state of the country. To the south of Shillong is Cherrapunji, where the world record for the most rainfall in a calendar month has been established.

The name of a village named ‘Mavsinram’ near this city holds the record for highest annual rainfall. About one-third of the area is covered by forests. The Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills here are not very high. The height of Shillong Shikhar is 1966 meters, it is the highest peak here. The caves here have various shapes made of lime water, in which shapes like stalactite and stalagmite are famous.

Population :

Here about 85 percent of the total population is tribal population. About 50% are Khasis, followed by the Garo caste, which forms one-third of the population. Apart from this, there are also people of Jaintia and Hajong castes. About 17 % of the population consists of Bengalis and Sheikhs. Meghalaya is one of the best three states in the country with a Christian majority. The other two states – Nagaland and Mizoram are also located in the North East of India. The Khasis are Catholics, the Garos are Baptists.

Agriculture and Irrigation in Meghalaya :

Meghalaya is primarily an agricultural state. About 80 percent of the population here is mainly dependent on agriculture. Here the soil and the climate is favourable for gardening. There is also immense potential for the production of temperate, tropical and tropical fruits and vegetables.

The main crops here are rice and maize. Apart from these, oranges (Khasi mandarin), pineapple, banana, jackfruit and potato are famous for temperate fruits like Bukhara, pear and peach. The cash crops are potato, turmeric, ginger, pepper, betel nut, betel tapioca, short staple cotton, jute and mesta, mustard and rapeseed. At present the main focus is on cultivation of oilseeds (groundnut, soyabean and sunflower), cashew, strawberry, tea and coffee, mushroom, herbs, orchids etc. Floriculture.

Industry and Education Of Meghalaya :

The name of the state financial and industrial development institution is ‘Meghalaya Industrial Development Corporation Limited’, which provides financial assistance to local entrepreneurs for industry. District Industrial Center is working for the development of village and cottage industries. Many industries have also been established for the production of iron, steel materials, cement and other items.

1)Meghalaya is one of the best least developed states of India.
2)Almost more than half the people (63.3 per cent) are literate.
3)There are 5,517 educational institutions in the state.
4)The North-Eastern Hill University at Shillong is the only university in the state.
5)The partition of India in 1947 displaced the tribal population here.
6)Some tribes found themselves divided by the new international border, resulting in migration from East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh) to India.

Essay On Meghalaya
Essay On Meghalaya For Students

Cultural life Of Meghalaya :

The region is rich in tribal culture and folk tradition. Dance and drinking are an integral part of social ceremonies and religious rituals here accompanied by sound waves emanating from buffalo horns, flutes and mridangas. Marriage relations take place outside their clan. The advent of Christianity in the middle of the 19th century and the strict morals associated with it damaged many tribal and community institutions.

A strange practice among the people of Garo caste is that after marriage, the youngest son-in-law starts living in the house of his in-laws and becomes the Nokrom, the representative of his father-in-law in his mother-in-law’s house.

If the father-in-law dies, the Nokrom is married to his widowed mother-in-law (and this marriage is also given the consummation of matrimony) and thus becomes the husband of both mother and daughter. This tradition is slowly dying out Ritual killing was prevalent among Khasis in the past.

The state of Meghalaya has many caves, mountain peaks, gardens, lake-resort sites, beautiful scenery, hot water springs and waterfalls. Major tourist places are Shillong, Umiam Lake, Cherrapunji, Mosinram, Zakariam, Mairang, Jowai, Nartiang, Thadlashin, Tura, Siju and Balpakram National Park. In 1993, about 1,57,000 tourists visited the state.

Festival in Meghalaya :

‘Pambalang-Nongkrem’ of Meghalaya is a major religious festival of the Khasis. Which is celebrated for five days. It is also known as ‘Nongkrem’. It is celebrated in a village called ‘Smit’, situated at a distance of about 12 km from Shillong. Shad Suk Minseem is an important festival of the Khasis.

This festival is celebrated every year in the 2nd week of April in Shillong. ‘Behdinkhalam Jaintia’ is an important festival of the tribals. It is celebrated in the July moths in the Jowai town of the Jaintia Hills. The Garo tribals celebrate a festival called ‘Wangla’ in October-November in honor of a deity named Saljong (Sun God). This festival is celebrated for about a weeks.

Tourist Spot Of Meghalaya :

There are many such tourist places in Meghalaya, where nature is present in its grand form. There are many different beautiful places in the capital Shillong as well. In which Wards Lake, Umiam Lake, Lady Hydari Garden, Polo Ground, Mini Zoo, Elephant Falls, and Shillong’s mountain peak are prominent. The view of the entire city is visible from the hill top of Shillong.

The state government promotes tourism substantially, but the separatist organizations ‘ULFA’ and ‘Bodo National Democratic Front’ have been making the Garo hills the center of their activities. Due to the dense forest and the proximity to the border of Bangladesh, these people use it as a hideout.

Wild life sanctuary Of Meghalaya :

1. Nokrek National Park

The Nokrek National Park and Biosphere Reserve, located in the West Garo Hills district, is about 45 kilometers from Tura. Nok Rek is the highest point of the Garo Hills and is home to a wide variety of wildlife including elephants and the Hoo Lock gibbon.

Nok Rek National Park was established to protect the herd of wild elephants, rare species of birds and rare orchids in and around Nokrek. A very rare species of Citrus indica is found in this park, which is named Memang Narang (Orange of Emotions). Nokrek is believed to be home to the wild man and there have been reported cases of sightings around the village of Nokrek.

2. Balpakram National Park

This National Wild Life Park is at a distance of about 167 km from Tura. It is known to be home to the world’s rarest red panda. Its common name is Lesser Panda.

Balpakaram meaning the house of the ever-moving winds is spread over an area of ​​about 230 square kilometers with a variety of wild animals including tigers, elephants, bison, black bears, panthers, sambar, deer. It is associated with Bagh Mara, located in the West Garo Hills district of Meghalaya. Along the western side of the park is the Siju Bird Forest Sanctuary on the banks of the Simseng River.

10 Line Essay On Meghalaya

  1. Meghalaya is a northeastern state of India, located in the hills of the Himalayas.
  2. The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong, which is known for its scenic beauty and pleasant weather.
  3. Meghalaya is known as the “abode of clouds” due to its high rainfall throughout the year.
  4. The state is home to several indigenous tribes, each with its unique culture and traditions.
  5. Meghalaya is famous for its natural beauty, including waterfalls, caves, and mountains.
  6. The state is also known for its delicious cuisine, which features rice, meat, and fish as staple ingredients.
  7. Meghalaya is an agricultural state, with rice, potatoes, and oranges being some of the major crops.
  8. The state is also rich in minerals, with coal and limestone being the primary minerals mined.
  9. Meghalaya has several important tourist destinations, including Cherrapunjee, Mawsynram, and Dawki.
  10. The state is also famous for its music and dance, which are an integral part of the culture of the indigenous tribes.

Related Essay topics :

Video On Meghalaya Essay :


Share This Post With Your Friends......

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *